Rabbi Milevsky's Thought of the Week: Terumah - 5773
THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE ARON
In Pareshat Terumah, Moshe was given the details for the construction of the Mishkan (Tabernacle). The first vessel they were told to create was the Aron (the ark). The Aron served as the central feature of the Mishkan since it contained the Luchot (Testimonial-tablets).
The material used for the assembly of the Aron were acacia wood. However Moshe was told that it should be overlaid with pure gold. Consequently the Ark appeared to be made of pure gold since the acacia wood was totally covered.
The question we must ask is; if the wood was not going to be visible at all, why have the wood at all?
Commentators explain that the Holy Ark symbolizes the Torah. The Torah is not just the recorded text, but also the oral tradition that accompanies every statement of the written text. The written Torah will always remain the same; nothing could be added and nothing can be detracted from it. It is in a solid form that has not, and will never be adjusted. The oral tradition on the other hand, is the part of the Torah that is alive and dynamic. When the Rabbis make a decree on non-kosher wine, or when they prohibit the mixture of fowl and milk, that to becomes the will of the Torah.
Accordingly, the Torah has two elements; one that is solid, and the other that is organic. However even the organic-namely; the oral tradition- has a frame work that limits its flexibility.
With the above information we can appreciate the symbolism of the wood and gold used in the building of the Ark. The organic wood represents the oral-tradition. The gold on the other hand is the firm written law.